Afganistan may not be considered a safe state of origin. Still people from Afghanistan are deported a lot more often than Syrians, for example. They are not considered to instantaneously be at war like the people from Syria are.
Nevertheless there is war, suppression and chaos going on in Afghanistan, since decays.
More than one million people have been killed in conflicts and wars. In the past 30 years half of the population has been expelled. This also happened to a young boy from Afghanistan we’ve met recently.
During the Cold War a lot of proxy wars have been fought by the USA and the Soviet Union, including the one in Afghanistan. In 1979 the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan to support the Afghan communists.
A decay later, when the Soviet troops withdrew from Afghanistan, it resulted in a power vacuum. During this time the Taliban, originally a regional civil defense, were formed. The rebels were supported financially and materially by the USA and Pakistan. Depredations, rape and chaos were daily routine. The people in Afghanistan were craving for quiet and stability and therefore supported the Taliban.
The Talbian kept order under the strict adherence of the religious law of the Islam.
1996 they already invaded the capital Kabul. With the takeover by the Taliban a regime of terror founds its beginning in Afghanistan. The country got internationally marginalized, the trade and the economy came to a halt and the population was suffering from hunger and illness. More than three thirds of the injured or killed civilians are on the Taliban.
One of the groups mostly haunted in their own homecountry are the Hazara. They are the native population of Afghanistan and since over 100 years they have been killed, enslaved, tortured, raped and bullied.
Several million Hazara do live in Afghanistan and are suppressed and killed by the Afghanistan administration and the Taliban. In their home country they hardly have any rights and are living in constant fear. For that reason millions of Hazara have emigrated and still do.
The refugee we’ve met is one out of many with similar fates. For us it is hard to understand how people are capable of doing deeds like this. His story showed us one more time that on the outside of “our” world, things are happening we cannot understand rudimentarily, no matter what we pretend to believe.
We do wish luck and strength to the ones still being on their way to a safer place.
Picture from: http://www.taz.de
Luft, Die Flüchtlingskrise. Ursachen, Konflikte, Folgen, 2016